Nepal is a south asian country which is land linked with India and China. Bordering with India in the south, east and west and China in the north. She covers an area of 147,181
square kilometers, and stretches 145 to 241 kilometers north to
south and 850 kilometers west to east.
In the worlds' map she lies at
26 and 30 degrees north latitudes and 80 and 88 degree east longitudes. She is topographically divided into three regions: Himalaya (Himal), Hills (Pahaad) and Terai (Tarai).
The Himalaya: The Himalayan range borders of the country to the north and the region represents 15% of the total area of
Nepal. World's famous peaks like Mt. Everest (8848 m), Kanchenjunga (8586m),
Dhaulagiri (8167 m) etc are essence of the region with sparse vegetation up to the altitude of 4,500 m. Some of Nepal's most beautiful animals
and plant-life are also abundant here. Although rare, the snow
leopard and Danphe bird are much talked-about sights among
visitors. The people in this region produce and sell cheese
besides working as mountain guides and porters. Many also trade
with Tibet and across the border to sell their goods.
The Hills: This region covers 68% of the total land area
of the country. The valleys like Kathmandu and Pokhara lie in this region. Elevation ranges from 500 to 3,000m above sea level.
During summer the temperature reaches an average of 32 degree
Celsius. Winter is cold, and temperature sometimes goes below the freezing point. Areas in the eastern hills receive more rainfall
because of the monsoon clouds, which come from the Bay of Bengal.
The western and rain shodow regions do not receive rainfall so the mountain glaciers are the main sources of the rivers in the region. The hills and their forest are the abode of
various species of birds, wild animals like spotted leopard, barking
deer and Himalayan black bear. Over four hundred species of birds
are found here. The hilly region is also popular
for different kinds of flora and fauna comprising several medicinal herbs.
The Terai: Locally called Terai,
lowland areas, covers 17% of the total
land area of Nepal. It provides excellent farming land and the
average elevation of lowlands is 100 to 300m above sea level.
In the sub-tropical forest areas of Terai are found, marshes and
wildlife, which include the Royal Bengal tiger, one horned
Rhino and the Gharial crocodile etc. About 48% of the country's
population occupies this region. Flat farmlands and the region's
flexible topography have given rise to many industries.